Joseph Hartley is a PhD student in the Human-Computer Interaction (HCI) research group at Bath University. He holds a bachelor’s in psychology from the University of Bristol, where he worked with Dr. Alex Anderson on a dissertation examining the neural correlates of visual attention allocation using electroencephalography (EEG). Joseph’s current PhD focus is on understanding ‘presence’ in virtual reality (VR) environments, specifically through EEG analysis. Alongside this, he maintains interests in consciousness, as well as existential and positive psychology. As he progresses through his PhD, Joseph aims to provide valuable insights into the intersection of psychology and technology in the VR space.